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Japanese Terminology

Counting / Numbers:

  • ichione
  • nitwo
  • santhree
  • yon or shifour
  • gofive
  • rokusix
  • nanaor shichi seven
  • hachieight
  • ku nine
  • ten ju

General Terminology:

  • jodanupper area
  • chudanmiddle area
  • gedanlower area
  • kamaecombative/guarding posture
  • hajimebegin
  • yamestop
  • kimefocus
  • reibow
  • yoiready
  • hidarileft
  • migiright
  • Senseiteacher (born before)
  • Senpaisenior
  • Kohaijunior
  • karatekakarate practitioner
  • dojotraining hall
  • giuniform
  • karateempty hand
  • karate-dothe way of the empty hand
  • kihonbasics
  • kata forms
  • kiaispirited yell
  • makiwarapunching board
  • mokusomeditate
  • obibelt
  • ryuschool or style
  • seizakneel
  • shomenfront wall
  • kiyotsukeattention
  • ushiroback/rear foot of body
  • tehand
  • ashifoot
  • kaeteswitch sides
  • oss! or onegaishimasuplease teach me
  • arigato gozai mashitathank you very much
  • mawateturn around
  • kumitesparring
  • jiyu ippon kumiteone step sparring
  • randorislow free flowing sparring
  • bunkaiapplication of kata
  • oyoadvanced application of kata
  • tai sabakibody shifting
  • break falls ukemi
  • 3-step sparring san dan kumite or san dan gi

Stances:

  • dachistance
  • heisoku dachifeet together
  • heels together feet out at 45 degrees musubi dachi
  • heiko dachiparallel ready stance
  • hachiji dachinatural stance
  • shiko dachisquare stance
  • sanchin dachihour glass stance
  • zenkutsu dachifront stance
  • kokutsu dachiback stance
  • neko ashi dachicat stance
  • kiba dachihorse riding stance
  • han zenkutsu dachihalf front stance
  • hangetsu dachiHalf-moon stance
  • Rooted stance fudo dachi

Blocks:

  • ukeblock
  • jodan ukeface block
  • age ukerising/face block
  • chudan ukechest block
  • gedan ukelow block
  • gedan barailow sweeping block
  • enpi uke or hiji ukeelbow block
  • hiki ukepulling/grasping block
  • hiza ukeknee block
  • ko ukewrist block
  • mawashi ukeroundhouse block
  • shuto ukeknife hand block
  • soto ukeinside forearm block
  • outside forearm block uchi uke

Hand Techniques:

  • kenfist
  • zuki punch or thrust
  • uchistrike
  • seiken zukifore fist punch
  • age zukirising punch
  • face punch jodan zuki
  • chudan zukichest punch
  • gedan zukilow punch
  • gyaku zukireverse punch
  • kizami zukilead punch, jab
  • oi-zukilunge punch
  • or niren zuki nihon zuki double punch
  • sanbon zukitriple punch
  • kentsui uchihammer fist
  • uraken uchiback fist strike
  • tesho uchi or shoteipalm heel
  • enpi uchielbow strike
  • awase zukiU- punch
  • nukite zukifinger thrust
  • haito uchiridge hand
  • sword hand shuto uchi

Foot Techniques:

  • gerikick
  • ashifoot
  • ashi baraifoot sweep
  • kansetsu gerijoint kick
  • mae geri front kick
  • mawashi gerikick roundhouse
  • yoko geriside kick
  • tobi gerijump kick
  • ushiro geriback kick
  • udo mawashi geri or hiki gerihook kick
  • crescent kick mikazuki geri